Your thyroid gland is vulnerable to a host of medical problems, many of which cause noticeable swelling in your neck. The medical specialists at Lakeshore Ear, Nose & Throat Center in St. Clair Shores, Macomb Township, Rochester, Grosse Pointe, and Sterling Heights, Michigan, diagnose and treat hundreds of enlarged thyroid and parathyroid conditions every year. If you have a thyroid condition that requires advanced treatment, call or book an appointment online today.
The thyroid is the largest gland in your neck. It’s a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of your neck just above your collarbone. The thyroid is part of your endocrine system, secreting hormones that regulate your body’s metabolism.
Thyromegaly is a condition that causes your thyroid gland to become enlarged. Several medical conditions may cause a swollen thyroid gland, including:
A thyroid nodule is a small but discernible growth on your thyroid gland. Nodules are extremely common, affecting as many as 75% of the population at least once. Most nodules are benign and don’t cause any symptoms, but in rare cases, they can become cancerous.
An enlarged thyroid without a tumor, inflammation, or infection is a goiter. Most goiters are asymptomatic, but they often contain many thyroid nodules. Since nodules can develop into thyroid cancer, it’s vital to have goiters thoroughly examined. Without treatment, goiters can grow large enough to cause difficulty swallowing, voice changes, or trouble breathing.
Thyroid cancer involves malignant growths or nodules on your thyroid gland. Papillary carcinoma is the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for about 85% of all cases. This type of cancer is very curable, but it may require partial or total removal of your thyroid gland.
First, your Lakeshore ENT specialist performs a comprehensive physical exam to determine the underlying cause of your enlarged thyroid. This may involve diagnostic imaging tests such as an ultrasound or X-ray.
If you have a nodule or goiter, they may take a cell sample for laboratory analysis through a process called fine needle aspiration. If the nodule is malignant or causes symptoms that affect your ability to speak or swallow, your doctor may recommend thyroid surgery.
The team at Lakeshore ENT evaluates hundreds of thyromegaly cases every year and is extremely skilled in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. If you feel abnormal swelling in the front of your neck or have symptoms of a goiter, call Lakeshore Ear, Nose & Throat Center or book an appointment online today.
*To learn more about Thyroid & Parathyroid treatments at Lakeshore Ear, Nose & Throat Center, click here to learn about our Endocrine Surgery Center