While skin cancer is curable when it’s diagnosed and treated at an early stage, two of the three types can spread to other parts of your body if they’re not caught in time. The team of surgeons at Lakeshore Ear, Nose & Throat Center provides expert skin cancer surgery to remove all traces of cancer when the need arises. To schedule an appointment, call one of their offices in St. Clair Shores, Macomb Township, Rochester, Grosse Pointe, and Sterling Heights, Michigan, or book online today.
Ultraviolet (UV) light is the primary cause of all types of skin cancer, which means the following factors influence your risk:
Too much exposure to UV light may lead to one of several different types of skin cancer.
There are three types of skin cancer:
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer and may appear as a red patch of skin, a pink bump, or an open sore. BCC rarely spreads to other parts of your body, but it can invade deep into the surrounding tissues.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the second most common type of skin cancer, may arise from precancerous lesions on your body called actinic keratoses. It often looks like a scaly patch of skin, a sore that heals then reopens, or a red, firm bump. Without treatment, SCC can spread to other parts of your body.
Melanoma is the least common but most dangerous type of skin cancer because it proliferates throughout your body. It’s curable when diagnosed and treated at an early stage, but after it spreads, it’s difficult to treat. Melanoma often arises from an existing mole, but can also occur as a new dark spot on your skin.
Your doctor may treat actinic keratoses and early basal cell carcinomas with topical medications. In most cases, however, skin cancer requires surgical removal using techniques such as:
Your surgeon cuts out the abnormal growth along with enough of the surrounding skin to remove all the cancer. They send the tissue to a lab, where it’s examined under a microscope to be sure the edges are clear, which means all cancerous cells are gone.
This procedure removes the cancerous growth with a curette, a surgical instrument with a sharp, ring-shaped tip, then applies heat from an electrocautery needle to destroy any remaining cells and control bleeding. Your surgeon may repeat the procedure several times to go into deep layers of tissue and remove all the cancerous cells.
Your doctor destroys the cancer by freezing it with liquid nitrogen. This procedure doesn’t cause bleeding, and you won’t need anesthesia. Like electrosurgery, it may be repeated several times to destroy all malignant cells.
For expert skin cancer surgery, call Lakeshore Ear, Nose & Throat Center or book an appointment online today.