Nose and/or sinus problems are some of the most frequent reasons people visit an ear, nose and throat specialist. At Lakeshore Ear, Nose and Throat Center our physicians offer the full spectrum of medical and surgical treatments for acute and chronic sinonasal problems. Some surgical options are available in the office, which can improve recovery times. IF YOU FIND YOU ARE SUFFERING FROM THESE CONDITIONS CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT SURGICAL OPTIONS THAT MAY IMPROVE YOUR QUALITY OF LIFE.
Nasal obstruction can be caused by a variety of factors. These include medical issues for which medicines can be therapeutic as well as anatomical issues for which surgical intervention can improve quality of life.
Common Medical conditions include:
Common structural causes of nasal congestion:
Inflammation of the nasal membranes produces rhinitis. Rhinitis can be allergic, non-allergic and inflammatory in nature. Allergic Rhinitis occurs due to various things including pollens, dust and dust mites molds, and even foods. Non-allergic Rhinitis results from substances that irritate the nasal membranes in a non-allergic fashion. Things such as cigarette smoke, perfumes and colognes, weather changes, changes in humidity, industrial pollutants and even stimulation from foods can cause nasal congestion. Inflammatory rhinitis occurs when viruses, such as those that cause the common cold, infect the nasal membranes. Maximizing medical therapies is often key in treating these conditions although at times surgery may play a role.
Acute Rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory condition involving the sinuses as well as the lining of the nasal passages. It is distinguished from a common upper respiratory infection by either its duration (lasting more than 10 days) or specific symptoms.
Chronic Sinusitis describes inflammation of the nasal passages and sinuses lasting longer than 12 weeks.
Cardinal symptoms are discolored nasal drainage, nasal obstruction, facial pressure, and a decreased sense of smell. Confirmation of this diagnosis often relies additionally on positive x-ray and or physical exam findings often requiring nasal endoscopy. Many patients with chronic rhinosinusitis require from both medical and surgical treatments for best quality of life.
Classic nasal polyps are benign intranasal tumors commonly associated with allergy, chronic rhinitis, and abnormal nasal vasomotor response. Their precise etiology remains unknown. They maybe a byproduct of underlying allergy as well as even chronic infections. Some believe they are a response to a specific allergy. Others contend they are a byproduct of a chronic infection. In any event, most patients are asymptomatic for years prior to seeking medical attention. Polyps, however, have a propensity for slow but inexorable growth, and most patients eventually become symptomatic with nasal congestion and LOSS OF SMELL. Surgical interventions can greatly improve patients with nasal polyps quality of life.
Deviate Nasal Septum and Turbinate Hypertophy
The nasal septum is an anatomic divider of the nasal cavity into two halves. This is made up of cartilage and bone. For some patients the septum may be crooked and encroach on one side of the nose more than the other giving symptoms of nasal obstruction. This can be a result of normal development or a byproduct of trauma. Nasal turbinates are fins in the nose that help humidify, filter and warm the air we breathe. They are composed of tissue and bone. Both the tissue and bone can be too large and lead to nasal obstruction. These issues may benefit from both medical and surgical therapies.