Lakeshore Ear Nose and Throat evaluates hundreds of patients with thyromegaly yearly. Evaluation usually consists of a thorough exam, blood tests, and a thyroid ultrasound. Other tests such a thyroid scans or fine needle aspirations might also be suggested. We work closely in conjunction with primary care physicians and endocrinologists to ensure our patients have the optimal care from multiple specialties.
The thyroid gland is located low in the neck just beneath the larynx or voice box. It is comprised of thousands of small cellular islands which produce thyroxine, a hormone which helps to regulate the body’s metabolism. A variety of circumstances can cause the thyroid to enlarge in size (a condition called thyromegaly.) Infection, chronic inflammation, goiter, and tumors are causes of thyromegaly. For more on the thyroid visit www.endocrineweb.com/thyroid.html.
Some causes of thyromegaly require no treatment. Others are managed with medicines. Occasionally, thyroid surgery is required for conditions including carcinoma, symptomatic goiter, and suspicious thyroid nodules.